Spanking and corporal punishment are a discipline method in which a parent or school official hits a child’s bottom with a hand, a belt, or a paddle. The intent is to modify the child’s behavior without causing serious injury. In 1977, the Supreme Court ruled in Ingraham v. Wright that in-school corporal punishment does not violate the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment. Spanking is legal in all states and corporal punishment is allowed in schools in nineteen states.
Gregory, J. F. (1995). The crime of punishment: Racial and gender disparities in the use of corporal punishment in U.S. public schools. The Journal of Negro Education, 64(4), 454–462.
Taylor, C. A., Manganello, J. A., Lee, S. J., & Rice, J. C. (2010). Mothers’ spanking of 3-year-old children and subsequent risk of children’s aggressive behavior. Pediatrics, 125(5), e1057–e1065. doi:10.1542/peds.2009-2678
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