Amy Perez at Sunday, July 3, 2022 9:38:57 PM
Persistent Depressive Disorder Educational Blog
Persistent depressive disorder, or dysthymia, is a mood disorder described by feelings of sadness and other symptoms that are present for most of the day, on most days, for at least one year in children and adolescents. These feelings may appear less severe, yet more chronic, than major depression. If there are any periods that are symptom-free within the year, these do not last for more than two months at a time (American Psychiatric Association, 2015). In fact, children and adolescents with dysthymia may have only some good days, but these do not last more than several days at a time before signs and symptoms of dysthymia re-emerge (Emslie & Mayes, 2001). Two or more of the following symptoms being experienced as described above may indicate persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) in children or adolescents:
Getting properly diagnosed is extremely important to get the right help and treatment for yourself (or a child/adolescent displaying signs and symptoms of persistent depressive disorder/dysthymia.) Therefore, evaluation by a healthcare provider is necessary and should be without delay, as they can create an individualized plan of care that may incorporate various approaches, which when used together, depending on individual client needs, can help to significantly improve the signs and symptoms of dysthymia. Treatment approaches include:
Resources and Referrals
Various resources and referrals exist to further guide you and your loved ones to healthcare providers and programs within your community. If you suspect that you or a child/ adolescent you know may be suffering from dysthymia, visit one of the links below for further guidance regarding resources in your area.
American Psychiatric Association. (2015). DSM-5: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition. Generic.
Effective Health Care Program, Viswanathan, Kennedy, McKeeman, Christian, Coker-Schwimmer, Cook-Middleton, Bann, Lux, Randolph, & Forman-Hoffman. (2020, April 10). Treatment of depression in children and adolescents. effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov. https://doi.org/10.23970/AHRQEPCCER224
Emslie, G. J., & Mayes, T. L. (2001). Mood disorders in children and adolescents: Psychopharmacological treatment. Biological Psychiatry, 49(12), 1082–1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0006-3223(01)01149-0
Medical Centric. (2021, July 16). Persistent depressive disorder (PDD), causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. [Video]. Youtube.com. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D0WNARDzjvI
Nobile, M., Cataldo, G. M., Marino, C., & Molteni, M. (2003). Diagnosis and treatment of dysthymia in children and adolescents. CNS Drugs, 17(13), 927–946. https://doi.org/10.2165/00023210-200317130-00001
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